Continuous voting

Continuous voting

Continuous voting is a system in which the vote occurs on a continuous or frequent basis, rather than during discrete election periods.

Input: Ballot, randomized or universal electorate, easy mechanism for vote changing

Output: Frequent or real-time results


Continuous voting mechanisms have been proposed in a variety of forms and contexts, though largely only since the advent of Internet technology that would streamline vote-changing and counting. Delegation systems like “liquid democracy” generally use continuous voting.

Economics blogger Steve Randy Waldman proposed in 2018 a model by which random subsets of the electorate would be polled on their representatives at frequent intervals. The same year, BlockScience CEO Michael Zargham proposed a model called “conviction voting,” in which votes grow stronger the longer the remain with a particular choice, and greater stake in the system increases vote strength, among other properties. It has been adopted as part of the blockchain-based Commons Stack project.

Feedback loops


  • Provides feedback closer to real-time
  • Reduces vulnerability to timed attacks on democratic deliberation


  • No fixed terms of elected cohorts, reducing ability to plan for a session in office
  • Can instill greater insecurity among elected representatives



  • Commons Stack (in development)
  • Various pirate parties using liquid democracy


Further resources

Related Posts
No records
No records
Related Entities
Democracy Earth
Commons Stack
Related Facets
No records

Please select the type of feedback you'd like to give from the menu below.

Form is temporarily not available. Please visit our contact page.